How to Spot Depression in Children

ggA very common disease which has affected more than fifty percent of world’s population today is depression. And, the saddest truth about depression is that children are also amongst the sufferers of depression.  When we feel sad and down sometimes maybe things don’t go our way, we get hurt, or we lose someone close to us and children are no different. But having depression is more than just being sad. Depression affects the way we think, and how we see ourselves and our future. Along with feeling sad or irritable, it may seem that nothing is worthwhile and that things will never get better.

Depression is a serious issue and when it is in children, it really needs to be handled very well. Depression can stop kids enjoying the things they normally like doing, or taking part in their usual activities. The worst part is that, children facing the problem of depression actually are not aware under which problem they are. Being parents or guardians, it is important to keep a close eye on their activities and spot the disease.

Common Signs of Depression in Children

It is actually very difficult for children to tell and explain that they are feeling or suffering from depression. They can be unexpressive sometimes and especially when it is depression. However, there are a few key signs and symptoms to look out for particularly if they happen together over several weeks and are out of character for your child. We are mentioning below the common signs and symptoms of depression amongst children that will help you out in spotting the disease so that, the timely treatment and counseling should be given.

  • They have low energy and are difficult to motivate. If they are showing such sign that it can be an alarm of depression.
  • They lose interest easily in an activity they usually enjoy. As a result of that, they prefer to keep them in solitude with a cut from friends and family.
  • They have difficulty listening and concentrating on tasks. This is a very major sign of depression and something that you should take on a serious note.
  • They make negative comments about themselves. If you spot your kid making negative comments about them on any issue then it should be treated at that time only.
  • The withdrawal from social situations, not want to spend time with friends, is also a sign that everything in their mind is not well. They need your support at this point of time and you should handle the things very well.
  • They look for what’s wrong rather than see the positives in situations. Their mind is completely filled with negative things even on positive points, they go low and depressed.
  • It is very difficult to please them because they create their own shell and it becomes tough for them to come out of that.
  • They can be irritable, agitated, easily annoyed or upset and sometimes that too without any reason. In everything they can show this kind of behavior hence it is something that has to be dealt very sensitively.
  • They can seem sad and cry easily and be difficult to soothe them. At this point, it is really very difficult for them to control their emotions.
  • They either have no interest in food or overeat. The eating disorder is also a sign that child is suffering from depression problem.
  • They have problems going to sleep or staying asleep, waking early, or sleeping a lot.

As the symptoms of depression are often characterized by negative behavior such as irritability or whining, it’s easy to feel annoyed and to blame or punish the child for their behavior. This can result in other signs of depression being missed. If you find that your child is facing any such kind of things, then it is very important to get a consultation from doctor. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is a reputed child psychiatrist in Delhi. You can also take his appointment online and get the best and timely treatment by Dr. Bhushan.

Everything You Should Know About Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar-Affective-DisorderMental diseases are dangerous because they cannot be seen in the outer body. A great observance can only help a person in finding out what is wrong with the mental health. In this article, today we are highlighting the disease bipolar affective disorder. We are telling you each and everything about the disease that you should know and understand. This would help you to get to know the disease better and hence you can fight with it in a better manner too.

Also referred to as manic depression, is a kind of mental condition where a person suffers from extreme shifts in mood. Here patients may spend weeks feeling like they are on top of the world and after some time they may feel depressed from everything around them. The duration of shifts in mood differs from person to person.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

It is a psychiatric diagnosis for a mood disorder in which people experience disruptive mood swings. Though there are many other definitions of the disease but mood swing is generally termed to be the best way to describe the same.

How Many People Suffer From Bipolar Disorder?

About 1 in every 100 adults has bipolar disorder at some point in their life. Both men and women are equally affected by this kind of mental problem. Teenage is the time when the disease develops; the symptoms can be noticed amongst people between 15 and 30 years old.

Important Causes of Bipolar Disorder

As per the many researches which have been conducted on the disease so far, there are many reasons that have been emerged for the disease cause. But there are certain factors such as genetics, hormone and brain chemical imbalances and stressful life that can cause this kind of mental problem.

  • Genetics: According to some studies, it has been found that at time bipolar disorder can be due to genetic contribution also. People having someone in the family with bipolar disorder have a higher chance of having this problem in future. Till now the genes that cause this problem has not been identified.
  • Stress: Too much stress in life can also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Stress can lead to drastic or sudden changes in mood which can trigger this kind of problem.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Whenever there are hormonal imbalances in the body, the chances of having the problem of bipolar disorder becomes higher.
  • Changes in the Brain: Physical changes that take place inside the brain can also lead to this kind of mental problem. Especially, neurotransmitter imbalance can cause bipolar disorder. Neurotransmitter facilitates the communication between brain cells.
  • Traumatic Event: Some kind of traumatic event may also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Traumatic events can range from death of a loved one, changing location, losing a job to anything that can cause stress.

Other than these reasons, sleep deprivation, abnormal thyroid function and circadian rhythm disturbances can also cause bipolar disorder. At the same certain medications, most notably antidepressant drugs can also be the reason behind this kind of mental problem.

What are the Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder can be of different types. It can be broadly categorized into three types –Bipolar Type I disorder, Bipolar Type II disorder and Cyclothymia.

Bipolar I Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar I Disorder where there is at least one manic episode or mixed episodes. The episodes can be with or without depression. However, most patients have had at least one depressive episode.

Bipolar II Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar II Disorder where there are one or more episodes of severe depression and at least one hypo manic episode. A hypo manic state is less severe than a manic one.

Cyclothymia

Also known as Cyclothymia disorder, this is a milder form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. Here a patient suffers from numerous mood disturbances, with bouts of hypo manic symptoms which may involve periods of moderate or mild depression.

In order to diagnose the type of bipolar disorder, a doctor needs to keep track on how quickly a patient moves from manic episodes to depression and back again, as well as how severe the symptoms are.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

The problem of bipolar disorder can cause drastic mood swings. A person can have both extreme high feelings and low feelings. In between, a person also has periods of normal moods. These highs and lows periods are known as episodes of mania and depression. So, people with bipolar disorder show signs of depression and mania.

Important signs that Signifies Bipolar Affective Disorder

  • Feeling of despair, hopelessness, or empty
  • Extreme sadness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • No interest in earlier activities
  • Loss of energy, fatigue and tiredness
  • Difficulty in concentrating, remembering and making decisions
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Irritation
  • Inability to experience pleasure

Knowing a disease can only help a person to get over it. The above information provided for bipolar affective disorder would surely help you in understanding the disease better. If you are looking for the best doctor for bipolar affective disorder treatment in Delhi then you can contact Dr. Shashi Bhushan. He is a relied psychiatrist in Delhi with a good qualification, knowledge and experience in the field.

Everything You Need to Know About Schizophrenia

wsWhen a person knows about a disease well then only he can fight with the same and can also recover at the best time too. One disease that we often hear nowadays is schizophrenia. As per a survey conducted by World Health Organization, around 24 million people in the world suffer from the problem of schizophrenia. Men and women are equally affected from schizophrenia. As it is a chronic and severe mental disorder, people should be aware of it so that it can be controlled within time.

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental health problem where a patient often experiences delusions, hallucinations, social and emotional withdrawal and unexplainable behaviour. The worst thing about the disease is that for the patient, it becomes really difficult to differentiate between reality and imaginary things. Schizophrenia seriously disturbs the way people think, feel and relate to others.

Although this mental health problem has been present throughout human history, it was only in the early 20th century when German psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler gave the ‘schizophrenia’ to describe this kind of illness. The word ‘schizophrenia’ comes from the Greek words for ‘split’ and ‘mind’. But it is important to bear in mind that schizophrenia does not mean split personality. It is a kind of mental illness where a person cannot tell what is real from what is imagined.

Causes of Schizophrenia

Based on the many researches which have been conducted on the disease, the exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known, but the different theories do suggest some possible reasons that are mentioned below.

Genetic: Researches says that the disease has a strong connection with heredity. People who have first degree family member suffering from schizophrenia have a higher chance of having this kind of mental disorder. Several genes are responsible for the increased risk of schizophrenia but there is not any particular gene found that could be solely held responsible for the same.

Environmental Issues: Well, this may be surprising for people to know but the environmental issue does have their relevancy in the disease. Stress during pregnancy increases the production of the hormone known as cortisol in the body. This hormone can trigger schizophrenia. Other factors that may cause schizophrenia are viral infection during the prenatal stage, low level of oxygen at the time of birth, viral infection during infancy, malnutrition before birth, taking marijuana during teenage days and suffering from some kind of abuse in childhood.

Abnormal Brain Structure: If there is abnormality in brain structure then it may also cause schizophrenia. For instance, enlarged brain ventricles can cause schizophrenia as it affects the planning and decision making capacity of the brain. Experts also suggest that imbalance in the neurotransmitters dopamine; glutamate, temporal lobes and amygdale can also cause schizophrenia.

The Common Symptoms of Schizophrenia

The disease can be understood better when one can spot the symptoms well. We are here mentioning the symptoms of schizophrenia that could help in getting speedy treatment for the same. Actually it is a disease in which a person is unable to understand what is real and what is not and hence there are few symptoms that could help in knowing if the person is suffering from schizophrenia.

  • A person who is suffering from schizophrenia hears the voices that might not be there. It is a type of hallucination.
  • An unknown fear is always surrounded by when a person is suffering from the disease. It is also referred as paranoia.
  • A person who is suffering from schizophrenia withdraws from the social circle. The decreased social involvement is a sign that something is not right with the mental health condition of the person.

Types of Schizophrenia

Depending on the symptoms the disease is classified into five different forms. We are mentioning the different types of schizophrenia below.

  • Paranoid
  • Disorganized
  • Catatonic
  • Undifferentiated
  • Residual

These are the most important things that you should know about the disease. If you have someone who is having the symptoms of schizophrenia then it is required that you should consult a good doctor for schizophrenia treatment for the same. Consulting Dr. Shashi Bhushan could be a good choice as he is a reputed psychiatrist in Delhi who specializes in many health diseases.

10 Things You Should Know About Alzheimer

ttA human brain tends to become more forgetful with aging, but dementia is totally different and dangerous too. It is a mental problem which though starts with brain but with the passage f time, it affects the several other parts of body as well. Alzheimer or dementia is a very common mental disease in which a person tends to lose his memory or faces the diminished cognitive skills. When a person is suffering from the disease then he faces difficulty in coping with day-to-day task, other than this he also faces difficulty in communicating and the change or fluctuation in mood or judgment or personality is also the strong symptom that defines the disease.

We have always been mentioning that understanding the disease is always required if you want to fight back with the same strongly and hence we are here presenting 10 facts about Alzheimer dementia that you should know.

Women Have a Higher Risk: The most interesting fact about the disease is that women have a higher risk of getting dementia. As per the research conducted, it has been found that nearly twice as men; women are the sufferers of the disease. Also the Alzheimer disease also worsens more quickly in women as compared to men.

Heart Diseases Can Risk of Getting AD: Any suffering from heart disease can make a person more likely to get AD too. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, poor diet and non-active lifestyle can also risk in getting AD to a person.

Education Can Lower Risk of Alzheimer: A recent research conducted on Alzheimer is really interesting to read. It says that the more education a person has, the lower the risk of Alzheimer disease. A person has lower odds of getting Alzheimer if his brain is active in old age and is involved in the activities like reading, listening to music or taking classes.

AD is a Leading Cause of Death: This is really something sad to know about the disease that it has been found that Alzheimer is a leading cause of death in many parts of the world. Amongst one in three seniors die due to Alzheimer the research says.

Unique among Causes of Death: Well amongst the top ten causes of death, it has been found that this is the only disease in which there is no method of prevention; curing or slowing it down and hence it is considered to be a unique cause of death.

Costly Disease: The cost of treatment of the disease rose with the passage of time, and till now it has been found that it is amongst the costly disease to cure. As it is a life taking disease and is the cause of death of one amongst the three seniors, hence treatment is becoming expensive day by day.

Discovered in Last Century: It’s been a decade of the discovery of this disease. A German doctor named Alois Alzheimer first observed AD in 1906. He described a patient known as Auguste D. who had memory loss and other problems with thinking. After the patient’s death, Dr. Alzheimer noted that parts of the patient’s brain were shrunken. A psychiatrist who worked with Dr. Alzheimer named the condition in 1910.

Linked with Loss of Sense of Smell: A person who is suffering from AD may lose the sense of smell. Several researches conducted on the same suggest that a change in the sense of smell is an early sign of Alzheimer dementia.

Life Expectancy Varies of Patients: The time taken for Alzheimer to spread in a body varies from person to person, so it is actually a difficult thing to make out how long a person would survive after the disease. The research says that older adults usually live three to four years with AD.

It is Not a Disease: Dementia is caused by lot of different diseases and hence it is not a disease in itself.

These are 10 most important facts about Alzheimer disease. It is always a requirement that one should understand the disease better. Consulting a trained psychiatrist for the treatment of Alzheimer on time can help in long life expectancy.

Empty Nest Syndrome: Everything You Need to Know

-509658“To raise a child, who is comfortable enough to leave you, means you’ve done your job. They are not ours to keep, but to teach how to soar on their own”-Anonymous

Empty nest syndrome is a feeling of loneliness or sadness that occurs among parents after children grow up and leave home for better prospects. Empty nest syndrome is not a clinical diagnosis, but rather describes a transition period in which many people experience feelings of loneliness or loss. When the time comes for your children to leave home, there is a sense of helplessness and this is the most challenging period. Whatever the child’s flight path, parents are left with an empty place in the home, or as it have been dubbed in the vernacular, ‘the empty nest’. How you choose to cope with this new reality as parents of a now independent adult will determine the speed and comfort level of adjustment.

However some parents are more susceptible than others and there are various reasons for it. Some of the reasons are as follows:

  • The quality of parent-child relationship
  • Parental conflicts and feuds
  • Over involved parents
  • Self identity crisis
  • Over emotionality and dependence

Undoubtedly a child’s departure unleashes overwhelming sadness and there is a dire need to cope with it efficiently in order to move ahead.

Suggestions for coping (REDEFINE)

R- Relish each stage of your child’s life. Then let it go.

E-Explore the Ways You Intend To Be In Touch With Your Children.

D- Discover Your Own Creativity and Power.

E- Energise yourself, both mentally and physically.

F- Focus on Friendships, Both New and Old.

I-Identify the Negative Thoughts accept it non-judgmentally and Fill the Void

N- Networking

E-Expect Better Times and Be Hopeful

It is required that for the better way to deal with this syndrome the timely advice of psychiatrist should be taken. Dr. Shashi Bhushan who is a reputed doctor for psychiatry treatments should be consulted for the same. He has successfully handled many cases of empty nest syndrome.

How to Handle When Someone You Love is Having Panic Attacks

rrrvAs per the recent researches which have been conducted it has been found that millions of adults experience panic attacks and it has been found that it is a deliberate side effect of some mental health disease. Only the loved ones or the people concerned can help a person to come out of the disease and to fight with this worst thing in the most positive manner. If you have someone close to you who is suffering from panic attacks then this article is worth sharing and worth reading for you. In this article, we are going to highlight as how you should handle when someone you love is having panic attack.

It is not Cries for Attention: The first thing is that you have to understand the disease better. It is definitely not the cries for attention and hence need to be handled patiently considering the mental condition.

Saying ‘Just Relax’ Is Not the Way: The biggest mistake that people do consider while handling someone with panic attack is by telling them to relax. But, this is definitely not the way to treat the disease. The best advice is that you should just listen to the person having the panic attack on what his or her needs are and let the panic attack pass unless it gets out of control.

It is More Than Excessive Stress: They are much greater than feelings of anxiety. Panic attacks feel like impending death and doom. Sometimes people get the same feeling of stroke when they are trashed by panic attack.

It Extracts All Body Energy: Understanding the disease is much required if you want to handle it perfectly well. The panic attack extracts all the body energy and hence the person becomes exhaust and is completely exerted. It is required to provide them mental and physical

Comfort the Person: The panic attack can’t go completely without the proper treatment and more than this; the mental support of loved one is also required. You should understand their feelings better, and should provide the mental support and fill them with the positivity that they can come out of this.

Consulting a good and renowned doctor for panic attack treatment will help to fight the disease when at the early stage only. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is a trusted doctor for panic attack treatment in Delhi. You can consult the doctor for the best treatment of the disease.

It is Now Easy to Book Appointment with Psychiatrist in Delhi Online

Internet has simplified our life and there is no doubt on this. From getting grocery to booking an appointment online; everything is simplified with the ease of internet. Now, with the ease of internet you can do one more thing and that thing is booking an appointment with psychiatrist and that too in Delhi. Mental illness is one amongst the complicated diseases and it is because most of the time people are not aware with the suffering of the same. People in most of the cases get to know about the disease when it is already too late for everything. So, it is always suggested to be aware about the changes in behavior in self or someone close. If you are noticing some behavioral change then it is required to take it seriously and consult a psychiatrist at the earliest.

There is a concern of many people. They consider that consulting a psychiatrist means that they are suffering from some mental disease, which is not always true. A specialist can make out the changes in behavior and could suggest the best way out to cope-up with the same. It is better to consult a specialist then to regret by the end. Mental illness is never something which is not dangerous and there are people who take it casually and regret for the same by the end but this should not happen. Sometime the mental disease could be so harmful that it can even take the life of a person so, the sooner the better.

Nowadays people are so busy in their daily routine that waiting for hours for the doctor appointment is not their piece of cake and hence they avoid visiting the doctor. This happens with many. To bring an ease for the patients now one can book appointment with psychiatrist in Delhi online. Yes, this is great news for people residing in Delhi and who want to consult the top psychiatrist in the area. Dr. Shashi Bhushan who is a renowned doctor for psychiatric diseases can now be approached easily. You can take an appointment online or call at the clinic to book your slot. This is definitely a great step for those who are always running with the shortage of time.

What are the Causes of Schizophrenia?

Before one could go for a treatment of a disease, it is required that he should learn about the same. Considering the disease schizophrenia then understanding the disease is much required in order to go for a timely treatment of the same. The first and the most important point in consideration with the diseases is that, it can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia in teens. This is because the first signs can include a change of friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems, and irritability common and nonspecific adolescent behaviour.

Other factors include isolating oneself and withdrawing from others, an increase in unusual thoughts and suspicions, and a family history of psychosis. With any condition, it’s essential to get a comprehensive medical evaluation in order to obtain the best diagnosis. For a diagnosis of schizophrenia, some of the following symptoms are present in the context of reduced functioning for least 6 months. As per the research, there are many suggested causes of the disease and we are mentioning them here.

Genetics: This disease can also be caused due to genetic disorder. While schizophrenia occurs in 1% of the general population, having a history of family psychosis greatly increases the risk. Schizophrenia occurs at roughly 10% of people who have a first-degree relative with the disorder, such as a parent or sibling. The highest risk occurs when an identical twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Environment: Another cause of the disease could be exposure to viruses or malnutrition before birth, particularly in the first and second trimesters has been shown to increase the risk of schizophrenia. Inflammation or autoimmune diseases can also lead to increased immune system

Brain Chemistry: Problems with certain brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to schizophrenia. Neurotransmitters allow brain cells to communicate with each other. Networks of neurons are likely involved as well.

Substance Use: Using drugs or marijuana can also be a cause of Schizophrenia. A growing body of evidence indicates that smoking marijuana increases the risk of psychotic incidents and the risk of ongoing psychotic experiences. The younger and more frequent the use, the greater the risk. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenia and often preceded the manifestation of the illness.

Contact an experienced doctor for the treatment of Schizophrenia. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is an experienced doctor for Schizophrenia treatment in Delhi. Timely treatment is what is required to fight with the disease better.

What is Cognitive behavioral Therapy and what are Challenges in the same

cbtCognitive behavioral therapy is the most widely-used therapy for anxiety disorders. Research has shown it to be effective in the treatment of panic disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, among many other conditions. Thought challenging also known as cognitive restructuring is a process in which you challenge the negative thinking patterns that contribute to your anxiety, replacing them with more positive, realistic thoughts. This involves three steps:

Identify Negative Thoughts:  With anxiety disorders, situations are perceived as more dangerous than they really are. To someone with a germ phobia, for example, shaking another person’s hand can seem life threatening. Although you may easily see that this is an irrational fear, identifying your own irrational, scary thoughts can be very difficult. One strategy is to ask yourself what you were thinking when you started feeling anxious. Your therapist will help you with this step.

Challenge Negative Thoughts:  In the second step, your therapist will teach you how to evaluate your anxiety-provoking thoughts. This involves questioning the evidence for your frightening thoughts, analyzing unhelpful beliefs, and testing out the reality of negative predictions. Strategies for challenging negative thoughts include conducting experiments, weighing the pros and cons of worrying or avoiding the thing you fear, and determining the realistic chances that what you’re anxious about will actually happen.

Replace Negative Thoughts with Realistic Ones:  Once you have identified the irrational predictions and negative distortions in your anxious thoughts, you can replace them with new thoughts that are more accurate and positive. Your therapist may also help you come up with realistic, calming statements you can say to yourself when you’re facing or anticipating a situation that normally sends your anxiety levels soaring.

To understand how thought challenging works in cognitive behavioral therapy, consider the following example: Maria won’t take the subway because she’s afraid she’ll pass out, and then everyone will think she’s crazy. Her therapist has asked her to write down her negative thoughts, identify the errors or cognitive distortions in her thinking, and come up with a more rational interpretation.

Top Tips to Quit Smoking within Months

quit smokingQuitting nicotine is still considered to be the biggest challenge of people who are habitual to it. The regular intake of nicotine can harm the lungs, brain and sometimes also the blood. So, in an overall sense consumption of nicotine is injurious to health. However there are many means of nicotine intake but the most common one is cigarette puffing. Cigarette smoking starts with a style statement and ends up in cancer.

It is actually life taking and more than that, it is brings a big financial loss as well. It is of course a challenge but is definitely not something which cannot be achieved. In this article, we are going to tell you how you can quit smoking and that too within months. We are highlighting some effecting tips that would surely help you out in leaving this habit.

Set up a Date to Quit Smoking: While a mission is on, you should set a timeline for the same. For quitting smoke, you have to set up a date when you would be doing the same.  Without a goal mission is not possible and the same goes with your smoking habit as well.

Look Forward: You should attain a higher level of positivity with regards to leaving cigarette. It should come from within. Look forward for the changes that it will bring your life like good health, peace of mind and ultimately you can win the battle.

Puff a Final Cigarette: Now, as the mission is at the final stage, you need to puff a final cigarette. Make sure it is your final one and you are not going to puff it anymore whatever the case maybe.

Socialize: You should socialize yourself and don’t ever think of leaving your social circle because solitude will drag you more towards it. So, it is better that you enjoy the company of your friends because it will fill positivity in you.

Be Firm: You should be firm in your decision because ultimately it is you only who can make yourself to win the battle. It is much required that you handle the tough mental stress with your strong willpower.

Enjoy a smoke free life and definitely it will bring happiness in you. It will bring ultimate peace and comfort in your life and also fill you up with lot of positivity as well. Even if after your best efforts things are not getting done then you can consult a psychiatrist in that case.