5 Most Common Mental Health Problems in Indian Youth

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Mental sickness is one of the serious health concerns in India. Though there is no such classification of age for mental patients but if will consider the latest reports then it has been found that youth are more prone to mental health diseases. Our team has conducted a latest research on the mental health problems in India, and we have come with this list with you. We would be listing five most common mental health problems in Indian youth. The research data will help everyone in analyzing the situation, and if you find that someone near to you is suffering from the same then it is better to consult a psychiatrist at the earliest. Let us take a round about the most common health diseases in India.

Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder (OCD):

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It is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over. It’s a neurochemical disturbance in brain and worsens due to stressful environment. It’s treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. An obsessive person is often guilt-ridden for having irrational thoughts and his or her inability to control them or associated compulsive behavior.

This leads to them justifying their obsessions and compulsions and therefore they are unable to seek help. Treatment duration depends upon the intensity and frequency of episodes and may be needed throughout life. The examples include a fear of contamination, experiencing unwanted sexual thoughts which are undesirable and invoke feelings of guilt and shame, religious obsessions, having excessive concerns about physical health (of self or others), compulsions are repetitive behaviors or thoughts that a person engages in to neutralize, counteract, or make their obsessions go away, like washing and cleaning in excess without satisfaction, repeatedly checking, repetitive actions, arranging or setting things in efforts to eradicate the discomfort of seeing things disordered. These obsessions and/or compulsions typically take a reasonable amount of time (more than an hour a day).

Depression:

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It is one of the top causes of mortality in the world today, but people still fail to recognize it. This is different from sadness. Depressive disorders can occur at any age, gender and in any socio-economic strata. A depressive episode is characterized by a two-week period marked by a depressed mood and loss of interest or pleasure in activities, which leads to a significant interference in the person’s social and occupational functioning.

These symptoms might be accompanied by a significant weight loss or decrease or increase in appetite, along with sleep disturbances, low energy levels and fatigue. Such a depressed individual might experience feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, with a difficulty in concentration, difficulty in decision making, and recurrent thoughts of death. However different doctors have different view point for the same and many have come up with the conclusion that, its cause varies from person to person, but is mainly due to deficiency of serotonin in brain.

Bipolar Disorder:

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It is also called as Bipolar Affective Disorder, in which the mood disorders can be viewed on a continuum, has one pole comprising of low moods, sadness and low levels of energy (depressive phase), as opposed to the other extreme pole comprising of excitability, euphoric or excessively cheerful moods, and high levels of energy (manic phase). The bipolar disorders are characterized by fluctuating moods, between both these opposing poles. In addition to the depressive episode, a manic episode is characterized by a distinct period of abnormally elevated, expansive or irritable mood, which persists over a period of time, along with an increase in the person’s energy levels and goal-directed activity, which lead to marked interference in the social and occupational functioning. These symptoms would persist for at least one week, during which period they need to be present for the most part of the day.

The episode is also characterized by an increased self-esteem or grandiosity, with a decreased need for sleep, which could mean that the person would feel rested after a few hours of sleep. Another typical tendency of individuals in a manic phase includes an excessive involvement of the person in activities that have a high potential for painful consequences, for example, engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions, or impulsive business investments, which is quite common among children, but is more often ignored than not. Characterized by excessive activity, or difficulty in controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person’s age, there symptoms begin by the age of six to 12, and cause problems in at least two settings (such as school, home, or recreational activities. In children, problems paying attention may result in poor school performance. Although it causes impairment, particularly in modern society, many children with ADHD have a good attention span for tasks they find interesting.

Anxiety:

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It is another disorder that’s climbing the charts in the country. Indian hospitals have experienced patients with palpitation, restlessness, apprehension, trembling, flushing, dizziness, nausea breathlessness and vomiting due to a stressful event. These are nothing but anxiety. The problem is when anxiety response becomes a disorder especially after these symptoms occur frequently. Generally, people presume that the symptoms are due to a cardiac problem or a respiratory issue, and hence they visit a psychiatrist only when it’s too late. There is even the likelihood of them getting addicted to substances like alcohol, tobacco, drugs or sleeping pills as these substances give temporary relief.

This disorder goes hand in hand with depression and serotonin deficiency. Anxiety is a physiological process, which can be triggered in a situation which is perceived as being potentially dangerous, and the brain sends a message to the autonomic nervous system, thereby activating a fight or flight response. It could be manifested in the form of psychological symptoms as well, like difficulty in attention and concentration, forgetfulness, feeling a loss of control, etc, and behavioral symptoms like disturbed sleep, restlessness, fatigue as well as avoiding confrontation or high pressure situation.

Schizophrenia:

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Schizophrenia and the psychotic spectrum of disorders is characterized by the presence of hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking (which is manifested in the individual’s speech), grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior, and other negative symptoms like a lack of motivation or reduced emotional expressions. Hallucinations are the person’s sensations which are very vivid, but without the actual presence of a stimulus. A delusion is an individual’s false belief, which is firmly held and persists despite the presence of any contradictory evidence. Such delusions could believe that others are conspiring or plotting against the individual, a belief that external events or phenomena are being targeted at the individual, or believing that the person is a superior power, etc.

It is very hot and sensational issue that mental diseases are high in India. One is really supposed to take care of the things very minutely. Though mental diseases are common but in the meantime it is very difficult to find trusted doctors for the same. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is India’s trusted psychiatrist located in Delhi. He is expert in handling different types of mental diseases.

How to Combat Melancholia Depression

Melancholia depression used to be seen as a distinct disorder but according to the psychiatrists it is no more considered as a separate mental illness. Now it is seen as a major depressive disorder.Major depressive disorder is a type of mental illness that is characterized by persistent and intense feelings of sadness and despair. People suffering from this disorder lack all the interest in doing things which they used to enjoy earlier. It can affect both the physical and mental health of patient. It can be related to different fields of life like schools, office, friends circle,or relationships. Different people have different symptoms of Melancholia depression. Some of the patients lose interest in daily activity, some become morbid and keep thinking of suicide. Sleep disruption, feeling in-appropriate guilt, weight loss are some common problems in melancholia.But the only hope is melancholia can be treated.For melancholia depression medication is mandatory because melancholia has biological roots and the causes appear due to genetic make up and brain function.

Medication

Doctors usually prescribe anti depressant to the patients who are suffering from Melancholia depression. These types of medicine help to regulate the production of Serotonin and Dopamine in the brain. But anti depressant medicines take 2-4 weeks to work and in the meantime the suicidal thoughts might increase. So keep in contact with your doctor during the medication process. Taking medicine for a certain time span will definitely work out and your thoughts will be regulated.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy acknowledges that the way we think and behave affects our everyday life. psychiatrist will help you to reduce the negative thoughts and the therapy will work on the way you think. As the melancholia depression is so severe, psychiatrists combine the cognitive behavioral therapy with medication to treat the patients.

Interpersonal therapy

Interpersonal therapy is done to help the patients to improve their relationship with the people they are surrounded by. This therapy mostly works on the facts that are exacerbating the symptoms of your depression.This type of therapy aims to help patients improve their relationships or alter their expectations of them. IPT also aims to help develop a stronger support network to deal with symptoms of depression more easily.

If you are facing any of the symptoms of melancholia depression or any of your close ones is suffering from melancholia depression, then ask for medical help. Go through the proper treatment process. The therapies and medications can cure this problem. You have to be patient as these therapies might take time to show results. Learning to manage melancholia is not easy, but be optimistic. The treatment process might be a long road to recovery but staying confident through the whole process is necessary. Be supportive to the persons who are suffering from melancholia. If you find that you are suffering from any of the symptoms, do not procrastinate go to the psychiatrists as soon as possible because the early detection and treatment will lead to early recovery. Even if you find any of your close one is suffering from melancholia, convince them to take medical help. Do not try self treatments. There are so many renowned psychiatrists out in the market. Do not hesitate, and ask help from them.

How to Spot Depression in Children

ggA very common disease which has affected more than fifty percent of world’s population today is depression. And, the saddest truth about depression is that children are also amongst the sufferers of depression.  When we feel sad and down sometimes maybe things don’t go our way, we get hurt, or we lose someone close to us and children are no different. But having depression is more than just being sad. Depression affects the way we think, and how we see ourselves and our future. Along with feeling sad or irritable, it may seem that nothing is worthwhile and that things will never get better.

Depression is a serious issue and when it is in children, it really needs to be handled very well. Depression can stop kids enjoying the things they normally like doing, or taking part in their usual activities. The worst part is that, children facing the problem of depression actually are not aware under which problem they are. Being parents or guardians, it is important to keep a close eye on their activities and spot the disease.

Common Signs of Depression in Children

It is actually very difficult for children to tell and explain that they are feeling or suffering from depression. They can be unexpressive sometimes and especially when it is depression. However, there are a few key signs and symptoms to look out for particularly if they happen together over several weeks and are out of character for your child. We are mentioning below the common signs and symptoms of depression amongst children that will help you out in spotting the disease so that, the timely treatment and counseling should be given.

  • They have low energy and are difficult to motivate. If they are showing such sign that it can be an alarm of depression.
  • They lose interest easily in an activity they usually enjoy. As a result of that, they prefer to keep them in solitude with a cut from friends and family.
  • They have difficulty listening and concentrating on tasks. This is a very major sign of depression and something that you should take on a serious note.
  • They make negative comments about themselves. If you spot your kid making negative comments about them on any issue then it should be treated at that time only.
  • The withdrawal from social situations, not want to spend time with friends, is also a sign that everything in their mind is not well. They need your support at this point of time and you should handle the things very well.
  • They look for what’s wrong rather than see the positives in situations. Their mind is completely filled with negative things even on positive points, they go low and depressed.
  • It is very difficult to please them because they create their own shell and it becomes tough for them to come out of that.
  • They can be irritable, agitated, easily annoyed or upset and sometimes that too without any reason. In everything they can show this kind of behavior hence it is something that has to be dealt very sensitively.
  • They can seem sad and cry easily and be difficult to soothe them. At this point, it is really very difficult for them to control their emotions.
  • They either have no interest in food or overeat. The eating disorder is also a sign that child is suffering from depression problem.
  • They have problems going to sleep or staying asleep, waking early, or sleeping a lot.

As the symptoms of depression are often characterized by negative behavior such as irritability or whining, it’s easy to feel annoyed and to blame or punish the child for their behavior. This can result in other signs of depression being missed. If you find that your child is facing any such kind of things, then it is very important to get a consultation from doctor. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is a reputed child psychiatrist in Delhi. You can also take his appointment online and get the best and timely treatment by Dr. Bhushan.

6 Ways to Actively Fight Depression

rrDepression is not a diseases but it is a thought from within, a shell that a person creates by himself and don’t want to come out of the same. When you’re depressed, it often feels like nothing in the world can make you feel better. It is a very serious disorder, because the symptoms it creates can discourage you from completing the very actions or seeking the help that would begin your recovery. Lack of energy, low self-esteem and dwindling excitement are some of the symptoms that make it hard to get out of a depressed state. Anyone who is suffering from the disease should understand this better that it is curable and is very common. By treating it like any other physical disease and taking the actions that will destroy the parasites infecting your mental state; you can conquer your depression. Here are eight steps to doing just that.

1) Recognizing the Disease

Depression is often accompanied by a critical, self-destructive mentality that interferes with and distracts us from our daily lives. When depressed, people tend to accept this negative identity as a true representation of who they are. To begin this process, it is helpful to think of these destructive thoughts as being like the parasites that keep you in bed when you’re sick with the flu. Don’t listen to these attacks when they tell you not to pursue your goals, to isolate yourself, or to forego an activity you enjoy.

This gives the voice even more power over you. Instead, when you notice these thoughts and attitudes starting to intensify and take precedence over your more realistic, positive ways of thinking, it is essential to identify them as an alien point of view. Ask yourself, would you think such cruel thoughts about a friend or family member who was experiencing the same struggles. By having compassion for yourself and recognizing this inner voice as a destructive enemy, you can begin to see who you are more clearly and realistically.

2) Self-Control and Self-Realization is Must

While some experience depression as a continual state of sadness or increased painful emotions, some depression can come in the form of a state of numbness a lack of feeling that weakens all excitement and smothers your potential to feel joy. Suppressing or cutting off emotions could be a defense against something you aren’t comfortable feeling.

Many people who suffer from depression are actually masking a feeling of anger turning their rage toward someone else on themselves. Anger can be a hard feeling to accept, as from a very young age we are often told it is bad to be angry, that we need to behave, and not to throw tantrums or get in fights. While acting abusive is never acceptable, feeling anger is a natural part of our everyday lives. By acknowledging and accepting or discussing your angry feelings, you are much less likely to turn these feelings against yourself or allow them to lead you into a depressed state.

3) Be Active

When you’re depressed your energy levels can drop drastically, but the last thing you want to do when feeling down is to keep yourself from getting up. It’s a physiological fact that activity fights depression. Get your heart rate up 20 minutes a day, five days a week, and it has been scientifically proven that you will feel better emotionally. Exercising increases the neuro-plasticity of your brain and releases neurochemicals called endorphins, which help to elevate your mood.

4) Don’t Isolate Yourself

When depressed, you may hear thoughts telling you to be alone, keep quiet and not to bother people with your problems. Again, these thoughts should be treated like parasites that try to keep your body from getting healthy. Do not listen to them. When you feel bad, even if you feel embarrassed, confiding in a friend or voicing your struggles can lighten your burden and begin a process of ending your unhappiness.

5) Do Things You Like

Depression is one of the hardest emotional states to endure, because the symptoms themselves can destroy your will and energy to engage in activities you once loved. Giving in to this lethargic state can give your depression even more power, whereas staying active in your life, pursuing anything and everything you may find of interest will re-ignite your spark and keep you on your own side.

6) Watch a Funny TV Show or Movie

It may seem silly or all too simple, but anything that makes you laugh or smile can actually help convince your brain you are happy. If you look at depression as your critical inner voice having tricked you into feeling bad, then you can have your own tricks ready to fight depression. Playing your favorite game is also a way to fight with the disease.

These are the 6 better ways that can help you to fight with depression. Your consultation with a good psychiatrist and a timely advice can make the difference. It is always required that you should not take the disease lightly and should go for the best treatment possible at the best time.

Everything You Should Know About Panic Disorder

If there is a surge of overwhelming anxiety then might me you are suffering from panic disorder or panic attack. Your heart pounds, you can’t breathe, and you may even feel like you’re dying or going crazy. If the symptoms and the disease are left untreated then panic attacks can lead to panic disorder and other problems. They may even cause you to withdraw from normal activities. But panic attacks can be cured and the sooner you seek help, the better. With the right treatment and self-help, you can reduce or eliminate the symptoms of panic, regain your confidence, and take back control of your life

What is Panic Attack

A panic attack is an intense wave of fear well-spotted by its unexpectedness and debilitating, immobilizing intensity. Panic attacks often strike out of the blue, without any warning, and sometimes with no clear trigger. They may even occur when you’re relaxed or asleep. It can be a one-time occurrence but this can also not be denied that many people have the repeated attacks of panic disorder. Recurrent panic attacks are often triggered by a specific situation, such as crossing a bridge or speaking in public especially if that situation has caused a panic attack before. Usually, the panic-inducing situation is one in which you feel endangered and unable to escape, triggering the body’s fight-or-flight response.

You may experience one or more panic attacks, yet be otherwise perfectly happy and healthy. Or your panic attacks may occur as part of another disorder, such as panic disorder, social phobia, or depression. Regardless of the cause, panic attacks are treatable. There are strategies you can use to cope with the symptoms as well as effective treatments.

Signs and Symptoms of Panic Attack

The signs and symptoms of a panic attack develop abruptly and take not more than 10 minutes to reach to the peak. They rarely last more than an hour, with most ending within 20 to 30 minutes. The attack can happen anywhere and at any time. You may have one while you’re in a store shopping, walking down the street, driving in your car, or even sitting on the couch at home.

Symptoms of Panic Attack

  • Shortness of breath or hyperventilation
  • Heart palpitations or racing heart
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Choking feeling
  • Feeling unreal or detached from your surroundings
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or upset stomach
  • Feeling dizzy, light-headed, or faint
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Hot or cold flashes
  • Fear of dying, losing control, or going crazy

While many people experience just one or two panic attacks without further episodes or complications and there’s little reason to worry if that’s you some people go on to develop panic disorder. The repeated panic attack is considered as panic disorder, combined with major changes in behavior or persistent anxiety over having further attacks.

Signs of Panic Disorder

  • Experience frequent, unexpected panic attacks that aren’t tied to a specific situation
  • Worry a lot about having another panic attack
  • Are behaving differently because of the panic attacks, such as avoiding places where you’ve previously panicked

While a single panic attack may only last a few minutes, the effects of the experience can leave a lasting imprint. If you have panic disorder, the recurrent panic attacks take an emotional toll. The memory of the intense fear and terror that you felt during the attacks can negatively impact your self-confidence and cause serious disruption to your everyday life. Eventually, this leads to the following panic disorder symptoms:

Anticipatory Anxiety: Instead of feeling relaxed and like your normal self in between panic attacks, you feel anxious and tense. This anxiety stems from a fear of having future panic attacks. This “fear of fear” is present most of the time, and can be extremely disabling.

Phobic Avoidance:  You begin to avoid certain situations or environments. This avoidance may be based on the belief that the situation you’re avoiding caused a previous panic attack. Or you may avoid places where escape would be difficult or help would be unavailable if you had a panic attack. Taken to its extreme, phobic avoidance becomes agoraphobia.

A timely treatment is the only way out to fight with the disease in a better way. You should consult a good and trusted doctor for panic disorder treatment. The better way is to search for the best psychiatrist in Delhi online and you would come across with the trusted options and choices.

Everything You Should Know About Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar-Affective-DisorderMental diseases are dangerous because they cannot be seen in the outer body. A great observance can only help a person in finding out what is wrong with the mental health. In this article, today we are highlighting the disease bipolar affective disorder. We are telling you each and everything about the disease that you should know and understand. This would help you to get to know the disease better and hence you can fight with it in a better manner too.

Also referred to as manic depression, is a kind of mental condition where a person suffers from extreme shifts in mood. Here patients may spend weeks feeling like they are on top of the world and after some time they may feel depressed from everything around them. The duration of shifts in mood differs from person to person.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

It is a psychiatric diagnosis for a mood disorder in which people experience disruptive mood swings. Though there are many other definitions of the disease but mood swing is generally termed to be the best way to describe the same.

How Many People Suffer From Bipolar Disorder?

About 1 in every 100 adults has bipolar disorder at some point in their life. Both men and women are equally affected by this kind of mental problem. Teenage is the time when the disease develops; the symptoms can be noticed amongst people between 15 and 30 years old.

Important Causes of Bipolar Disorder

As per the many researches which have been conducted on the disease so far, there are many reasons that have been emerged for the disease cause. But there are certain factors such as genetics, hormone and brain chemical imbalances and stressful life that can cause this kind of mental problem.

  • Genetics: According to some studies, it has been found that at time bipolar disorder can be due to genetic contribution also. People having someone in the family with bipolar disorder have a higher chance of having this problem in future. Till now the genes that cause this problem has not been identified.
  • Stress: Too much stress in life can also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Stress can lead to drastic or sudden changes in mood which can trigger this kind of problem.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Whenever there are hormonal imbalances in the body, the chances of having the problem of bipolar disorder becomes higher.
  • Changes in the Brain: Physical changes that take place inside the brain can also lead to this kind of mental problem. Especially, neurotransmitter imbalance can cause bipolar disorder. Neurotransmitter facilitates the communication between brain cells.
  • Traumatic Event: Some kind of traumatic event may also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Traumatic events can range from death of a loved one, changing location, losing a job to anything that can cause stress.

Other than these reasons, sleep deprivation, abnormal thyroid function and circadian rhythm disturbances can also cause bipolar disorder. At the same certain medications, most notably antidepressant drugs can also be the reason behind this kind of mental problem.

What are the Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder can be of different types. It can be broadly categorized into three types –Bipolar Type I disorder, Bipolar Type II disorder and Cyclothymia.

Bipolar I Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar I Disorder where there is at least one manic episode or mixed episodes. The episodes can be with or without depression. However, most patients have had at least one depressive episode.

Bipolar II Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar II Disorder where there are one or more episodes of severe depression and at least one hypo manic episode. A hypo manic state is less severe than a manic one.

Cyclothymia

Also known as Cyclothymia disorder, this is a milder form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. Here a patient suffers from numerous mood disturbances, with bouts of hypo manic symptoms which may involve periods of moderate or mild depression.

In order to diagnose the type of bipolar disorder, a doctor needs to keep track on how quickly a patient moves from manic episodes to depression and back again, as well as how severe the symptoms are.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

The problem of bipolar disorder can cause drastic mood swings. A person can have both extreme high feelings and low feelings. In between, a person also has periods of normal moods. These highs and lows periods are known as episodes of mania and depression. So, people with bipolar disorder show signs of depression and mania.

Important signs that Signifies Bipolar Affective Disorder

  • Feeling of despair, hopelessness, or empty
  • Extreme sadness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • No interest in earlier activities
  • Loss of energy, fatigue and tiredness
  • Difficulty in concentrating, remembering and making decisions
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Irritation
  • Inability to experience pleasure

Knowing a disease can only help a person to get over it. The above information provided for bipolar affective disorder would surely help you in understanding the disease better. If you are looking for the best doctor for bipolar affective disorder treatment in Delhi then you can contact Dr. Shashi Bhushan. He is a relied psychiatrist in Delhi with a good qualification, knowledge and experience in the field.

Symptoms of Alcohol Dependence Syndrome

eeAlcoholism is a very serious medical disease and the worst part is that the signs and symptoms of the disease vary depending on the amount and frequency of consumption. The disease is dangerous both physically and financially. Alcoholism leads to deterioration of mental health too. Timely treatment is the only way out to fight with the disease. In this article, we are going to highlight about the most important points about the disease that would help you to understand it better. It is always said that for fighting with the disease, you need to understand it better first.

First of all, let us understand the signs of alcohol consumption. By understanding the signs of the disease, you can handle the situation only when you are aware of the symptoms. The physical signs of alcohol overconsumption and intoxication are recognizable by most adults; few very common signs are mentioned here.

Slurred or Incoherent Speech: This first sign is definitely commonly seen in the one who is suffering from the disease. If a person is suffering from the same then one can find that he is facing problem in speaking or his speech is not clear.

Poor Balance and Clumsiness: In the alcoholism dependence syndrome the person is unable to make the body balance and suffers from clumsiness from all the time.

Delayed Reflexes: The delayed reflexes in body are also signs of alcoholism in body. It is something that is an uncontrolled action, even if a person wishes to response but due to the poor mental condition he cannot.

Stomach Pains, Vomiting or Nausea: Considering the strong health signs then stomach pains, feeling of nausea and vomiting are also the strongest symptoms of alcoholism.

Loss of Consciousness or Blacking-Out: A person who is suffering from alcoholism suffers from memory loss and along with this there is a loss of consciousness too.

Redness of the Face during or after Periods of Consumption: This is a sign that may or may not appear in the person who is suffering from the disease. In some cases, redness on the face may occur when the person is consuming alcohol.

Alcohol poisoning is a life threatening disease. The extent of consumption of alcohol can lead to extreme deterioration of health.  The respiratory system becomes depressed, and the person will stop breathing.

Signs of Alcohol Abuse

The progressive consumption of alcohol can lead to severe health conditions. Someone abusing alcohol makes drinking a central activity of her life, displacing healthy activity and relationships, and resulting in negative consequences. Alcohol abusers often maintain some capacity to recognize situations that lead to over-consumption, and to regulate their alcohol intake. Signs of alcohol abuse include:

  • Loss of control over amount consumed once they begin drinking
  • Regular inattention to family and professional obligations
  • Dangerous behaviors that carry risk of legal, financial or health consequences for themselves and others
  • Increase in expressions of anger or other emotions, especially in inappropriate settings
  • Insomnia, which may be followed by oversleeping

Signs of Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism)

Untreated alcohol abuse can progress to an addiction to alcohol characterized by physical dependency and/or inability to stop despite serious consequences. The worst part about alcohol consumption is that, once a person starts to consume alcohol then hardly he can stop over the same. Alcohol dependence indicates that the user has made obtaining and consuming alcohol a predominant focus of her life. We are here mentioning the signs and symptoms of alcohol dependence that definitely signifies a very serious mental health condition.

  • Significant hangovers, and increase in time needed to recover from after-effects of alcohol use is a very strong sign of alcohol dependence.
  • Acknowledgement of side effects of medical complications from alcoholism
  • Repeated unsuccessful efforts to reduce alcohol consumption. Even when a person tries so hard and he is unable to leave the habit then it is also termed as alcohol dependence.
  • Withdrawal symptoms when unable to consume alcohol
  • Increased amount of alcohol consumed because of increased tolerance; or, decrease in the effects of alcohol use without substantial increases in the amount consumed
  • Reduced attention to personal and professional responsibilities also suggests that the person is under the influence of alcohol which is restricting him to show attention towards the responsibilities.

Alcohol dependence is really a very serious concern. It is required that one should treat the disease on-time to lead a happy life. Consulting an experienced doctor can help the way. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is the best doctor for alcoholism dependence treatment in Delhi. You can book an appointment with him and get rid of the disease at the earliest.

Everything You Need to Know About Schizophrenia

wsWhen a person knows about a disease well then only he can fight with the same and can also recover at the best time too. One disease that we often hear nowadays is schizophrenia. As per a survey conducted by World Health Organization, around 24 million people in the world suffer from the problem of schizophrenia. Men and women are equally affected from schizophrenia. As it is a chronic and severe mental disorder, people should be aware of it so that it can be controlled within time.

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental health problem where a patient often experiences delusions, hallucinations, social and emotional withdrawal and unexplainable behaviour. The worst thing about the disease is that for the patient, it becomes really difficult to differentiate between reality and imaginary things. Schizophrenia seriously disturbs the way people think, feel and relate to others.

Although this mental health problem has been present throughout human history, it was only in the early 20th century when German psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler gave the ‘schizophrenia’ to describe this kind of illness. The word ‘schizophrenia’ comes from the Greek words for ‘split’ and ‘mind’. But it is important to bear in mind that schizophrenia does not mean split personality. It is a kind of mental illness where a person cannot tell what is real from what is imagined.

Causes of Schizophrenia

Based on the many researches which have been conducted on the disease, the exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known, but the different theories do suggest some possible reasons that are mentioned below.

Genetic: Researches says that the disease has a strong connection with heredity. People who have first degree family member suffering from schizophrenia have a higher chance of having this kind of mental disorder. Several genes are responsible for the increased risk of schizophrenia but there is not any particular gene found that could be solely held responsible for the same.

Environmental Issues: Well, this may be surprising for people to know but the environmental issue does have their relevancy in the disease. Stress during pregnancy increases the production of the hormone known as cortisol in the body. This hormone can trigger schizophrenia. Other factors that may cause schizophrenia are viral infection during the prenatal stage, low level of oxygen at the time of birth, viral infection during infancy, malnutrition before birth, taking marijuana during teenage days and suffering from some kind of abuse in childhood.

Abnormal Brain Structure: If there is abnormality in brain structure then it may also cause schizophrenia. For instance, enlarged brain ventricles can cause schizophrenia as it affects the planning and decision making capacity of the brain. Experts also suggest that imbalance in the neurotransmitters dopamine; glutamate, temporal lobes and amygdale can also cause schizophrenia.

The Common Symptoms of Schizophrenia

The disease can be understood better when one can spot the symptoms well. We are here mentioning the symptoms of schizophrenia that could help in getting speedy treatment for the same. Actually it is a disease in which a person is unable to understand what is real and what is not and hence there are few symptoms that could help in knowing if the person is suffering from schizophrenia.

  • A person who is suffering from schizophrenia hears the voices that might not be there. It is a type of hallucination.
  • An unknown fear is always surrounded by when a person is suffering from the disease. It is also referred as paranoia.
  • A person who is suffering from schizophrenia withdraws from the social circle. The decreased social involvement is a sign that something is not right with the mental health condition of the person.

Types of Schizophrenia

Depending on the symptoms the disease is classified into five different forms. We are mentioning the different types of schizophrenia below.

  • Paranoid
  • Disorganized
  • Catatonic
  • Undifferentiated
  • Residual

These are the most important things that you should know about the disease. If you have someone who is having the symptoms of schizophrenia then it is required that you should consult a good doctor for schizophrenia treatment for the same. Consulting Dr. Shashi Bhushan could be a good choice as he is a reputed psychiatrist in Delhi who specializes in many health diseases.

10 Things You Should Know About Alzheimer

ttA human brain tends to become more forgetful with aging, but dementia is totally different and dangerous too. It is a mental problem which though starts with brain but with the passage f time, it affects the several other parts of body as well. Alzheimer or dementia is a very common mental disease in which a person tends to lose his memory or faces the diminished cognitive skills. When a person is suffering from the disease then he faces difficulty in coping with day-to-day task, other than this he also faces difficulty in communicating and the change or fluctuation in mood or judgment or personality is also the strong symptom that defines the disease.

We have always been mentioning that understanding the disease is always required if you want to fight back with the same strongly and hence we are here presenting 10 facts about Alzheimer dementia that you should know.

Women Have a Higher Risk: The most interesting fact about the disease is that women have a higher risk of getting dementia. As per the research conducted, it has been found that nearly twice as men; women are the sufferers of the disease. Also the Alzheimer disease also worsens more quickly in women as compared to men.

Heart Diseases Can Risk of Getting AD: Any suffering from heart disease can make a person more likely to get AD too. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, poor diet and non-active lifestyle can also risk in getting AD to a person.

Education Can Lower Risk of Alzheimer: A recent research conducted on Alzheimer is really interesting to read. It says that the more education a person has, the lower the risk of Alzheimer disease. A person has lower odds of getting Alzheimer if his brain is active in old age and is involved in the activities like reading, listening to music or taking classes.

AD is a Leading Cause of Death: This is really something sad to know about the disease that it has been found that Alzheimer is a leading cause of death in many parts of the world. Amongst one in three seniors die due to Alzheimer the research says.

Unique among Causes of Death: Well amongst the top ten causes of death, it has been found that this is the only disease in which there is no method of prevention; curing or slowing it down and hence it is considered to be a unique cause of death.

Costly Disease: The cost of treatment of the disease rose with the passage of time, and till now it has been found that it is amongst the costly disease to cure. As it is a life taking disease and is the cause of death of one amongst the three seniors, hence treatment is becoming expensive day by day.

Discovered in Last Century: It’s been a decade of the discovery of this disease. A German doctor named Alois Alzheimer first observed AD in 1906. He described a patient known as Auguste D. who had memory loss and other problems with thinking. After the patient’s death, Dr. Alzheimer noted that parts of the patient’s brain were shrunken. A psychiatrist who worked with Dr. Alzheimer named the condition in 1910.

Linked with Loss of Sense of Smell: A person who is suffering from AD may lose the sense of smell. Several researches conducted on the same suggest that a change in the sense of smell is an early sign of Alzheimer dementia.

Life Expectancy Varies of Patients: The time taken for Alzheimer to spread in a body varies from person to person, so it is actually a difficult thing to make out how long a person would survive after the disease. The research says that older adults usually live three to four years with AD.

It is Not a Disease: Dementia is caused by lot of different diseases and hence it is not a disease in itself.

These are 10 most important facts about Alzheimer disease. It is always a requirement that one should understand the disease better. Consulting a trained psychiatrist for the treatment of Alzheimer on time can help in long life expectancy.

5 Tips to cope up with Empty Nest Syndrome

emptynests.epsWhen children leave their parents for studies or for job or to settle down their career, parents become so lonely. Parents dedicate their whole life in making the future of their children bright, and when those children leave their parents; then it is really very tough for them to cope up with the situation especially at the time of life when their muscle is weak and their body is tired. The situation is just like the same what is with a mother bird who finds that her kids have flown and now her nest is empty and this is a reason the syndrome is called as empty nest syndrome.

If you are also feeling from the same syndrome then first of all, it is awareness which is required. To fight with the disease, we are here telling the 5 tips that would definitely help out in fighting with empty nest syndrome.

Pick Your Phone: Don’t distress yourself because your kid left you, understand the need of his career and the things from his perspective. You should not stop the communication. What if your child is busy, you pick your phone and call him; everything would be managed and this will give you ultimate relaxation.

Keep Yourself Busy: Thinking more and more would bring problems hence set your thoughts free and get indulged in something that would help you pass your time. Keep yourself busy as it is the finest way to cope up with this mental condition.

Speak to Someone About It: You should speak to someone regarding this because keeping things with your mind would not help you to get solution for the same. Even if you will not get a solution for your problem, you will get a relief from the worry for sure.

Work Out: Exercise and yoga are the two things that will help you to control your mind. Doing some yoga and work out will aid you in maintaining the perfect mental balance.

Practice or Pick a New Hobby:  Picking a new hobby will help you to control your mind and emotions. You can get indulged in the things and hence can see the life from another perspective.

Empty nest syndrome is not but just the thoughts that make a person alone. Find the happiness around and understand the situation and happiness of your child. Be positive. In case, you don’t have anyone to discuss the things, consult a psychiatrist for the same.