5 Most Common Mental Health Problems in Indian Youth

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Mental sickness is one of the serious health concerns in India. Though there is no such classification of age for mental patients but if will consider the latest reports then it has been found that youth are more prone to mental health diseases. Our team has conducted a latest research on the mental health problems in India, and we have come with this list with you. We would be listing five most common mental health problems in Indian youth. The research data will help everyone in analyzing the situation, and if you find that someone near to you is suffering from the same then it is better to consult a psychiatrist at the earliest. Let us take a round about the most common health diseases in India.

Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder (OCD):

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It is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over. It’s a neurochemical disturbance in brain and worsens due to stressful environment. It’s treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. An obsessive person is often guilt-ridden for having irrational thoughts and his or her inability to control them or associated compulsive behavior.

This leads to them justifying their obsessions and compulsions and therefore they are unable to seek help. Treatment duration depends upon the intensity and frequency of episodes and may be needed throughout life. The examples include a fear of contamination, experiencing unwanted sexual thoughts which are undesirable and invoke feelings of guilt and shame, religious obsessions, having excessive concerns about physical health (of self or others), compulsions are repetitive behaviors or thoughts that a person engages in to neutralize, counteract, or make their obsessions go away, like washing and cleaning in excess without satisfaction, repeatedly checking, repetitive actions, arranging or setting things in efforts to eradicate the discomfort of seeing things disordered. These obsessions and/or compulsions typically take a reasonable amount of time (more than an hour a day).

Depression:

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It is one of the top causes of mortality in the world today, but people still fail to recognize it. This is different from sadness. Depressive disorders can occur at any age, gender and in any socio-economic strata. A depressive episode is characterized by a two-week period marked by a depressed mood and loss of interest or pleasure in activities, which leads to a significant interference in the person’s social and occupational functioning.

These symptoms might be accompanied by a significant weight loss or decrease or increase in appetite, along with sleep disturbances, low energy levels and fatigue. Such a depressed individual might experience feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, with a difficulty in concentration, difficulty in decision making, and recurrent thoughts of death. However different doctors have different view point for the same and many have come up with the conclusion that, its cause varies from person to person, but is mainly due to deficiency of serotonin in brain.

Bipolar Disorder:

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It is also called as Bipolar Affective Disorder, in which the mood disorders can be viewed on a continuum, has one pole comprising of low moods, sadness and low levels of energy (depressive phase), as opposed to the other extreme pole comprising of excitability, euphoric or excessively cheerful moods, and high levels of energy (manic phase). The bipolar disorders are characterized by fluctuating moods, between both these opposing poles. In addition to the depressive episode, a manic episode is characterized by a distinct period of abnormally elevated, expansive or irritable mood, which persists over a period of time, along with an increase in the person’s energy levels and goal-directed activity, which lead to marked interference in the social and occupational functioning. These symptoms would persist for at least one week, during which period they need to be present for the most part of the day.

The episode is also characterized by an increased self-esteem or grandiosity, with a decreased need for sleep, which could mean that the person would feel rested after a few hours of sleep. Another typical tendency of individuals in a manic phase includes an excessive involvement of the person in activities that have a high potential for painful consequences, for example, engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions, or impulsive business investments, which is quite common among children, but is more often ignored than not. Characterized by excessive activity, or difficulty in controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person’s age, there symptoms begin by the age of six to 12, and cause problems in at least two settings (such as school, home, or recreational activities. In children, problems paying attention may result in poor school performance. Although it causes impairment, particularly in modern society, many children with ADHD have a good attention span for tasks they find interesting.

Anxiety:

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It is another disorder that’s climbing the charts in the country. Indian hospitals have experienced patients with palpitation, restlessness, apprehension, trembling, flushing, dizziness, nausea breathlessness and vomiting due to a stressful event. These are nothing but anxiety. The problem is when anxiety response becomes a disorder especially after these symptoms occur frequently. Generally, people presume that the symptoms are due to a cardiac problem or a respiratory issue, and hence they visit a psychiatrist only when it’s too late. There is even the likelihood of them getting addicted to substances like alcohol, tobacco, drugs or sleeping pills as these substances give temporary relief.

This disorder goes hand in hand with depression and serotonin deficiency. Anxiety is a physiological process, which can be triggered in a situation which is perceived as being potentially dangerous, and the brain sends a message to the autonomic nervous system, thereby activating a fight or flight response. It could be manifested in the form of psychological symptoms as well, like difficulty in attention and concentration, forgetfulness, feeling a loss of control, etc, and behavioral symptoms like disturbed sleep, restlessness, fatigue as well as avoiding confrontation or high pressure situation.

Schizophrenia:

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Schizophrenia and the psychotic spectrum of disorders is characterized by the presence of hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking (which is manifested in the individual’s speech), grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior, and other negative symptoms like a lack of motivation or reduced emotional expressions. Hallucinations are the person’s sensations which are very vivid, but without the actual presence of a stimulus. A delusion is an individual’s false belief, which is firmly held and persists despite the presence of any contradictory evidence. Such delusions could believe that others are conspiring or plotting against the individual, a belief that external events or phenomena are being targeted at the individual, or believing that the person is a superior power, etc.

It is very hot and sensational issue that mental diseases are high in India. One is really supposed to take care of the things very minutely. Though mental diseases are common but in the meantime it is very difficult to find trusted doctors for the same. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is India’s trusted psychiatrist located in Delhi. He is expert in handling different types of mental diseases.

How to Combat Melancholia Depression

Melancholia depression used to be seen as a distinct disorder but according to the psychiatrists it is no more considered as a separate mental illness. Now it is seen as a major depressive disorder.Major depressive disorder is a type of mental illness that is characterized by persistent and intense feelings of sadness and despair. People suffering from this disorder lack all the interest in doing things which they used to enjoy earlier. It can affect both the physical and mental health of patient. It can be related to different fields of life like schools, office, friends circle,or relationships. Different people have different symptoms of Melancholia depression. Some of the patients lose interest in daily activity, some become morbid and keep thinking of suicide. Sleep disruption, feeling in-appropriate guilt, weight loss are some common problems in melancholia.But the only hope is melancholia can be treated.For melancholia depression medication is mandatory because melancholia has biological roots and the causes appear due to genetic make up and brain function.

Medication

Doctors usually prescribe anti depressant to the patients who are suffering from Melancholia depression. These types of medicine help to regulate the production of Serotonin and Dopamine in the brain. But anti depressant medicines take 2-4 weeks to work and in the meantime the suicidal thoughts might increase. So keep in contact with your doctor during the medication process. Taking medicine for a certain time span will definitely work out and your thoughts will be regulated.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy acknowledges that the way we think and behave affects our everyday life. psychiatrist will help you to reduce the negative thoughts and the therapy will work on the way you think. As the melancholia depression is so severe, psychiatrists combine the cognitive behavioral therapy with medication to treat the patients.

Interpersonal therapy

Interpersonal therapy is done to help the patients to improve their relationship with the people they are surrounded by. This therapy mostly works on the facts that are exacerbating the symptoms of your depression.This type of therapy aims to help patients improve their relationships or alter their expectations of them. IPT also aims to help develop a stronger support network to deal with symptoms of depression more easily.

If you are facing any of the symptoms of melancholia depression or any of your close ones is suffering from melancholia depression, then ask for medical help. Go through the proper treatment process. The therapies and medications can cure this problem. You have to be patient as these therapies might take time to show results. Learning to manage melancholia is not easy, but be optimistic. The treatment process might be a long road to recovery but staying confident through the whole process is necessary. Be supportive to the persons who are suffering from melancholia. If you find that you are suffering from any of the symptoms, do not procrastinate go to the psychiatrists as soon as possible because the early detection and treatment will lead to early recovery. Even if you find any of your close one is suffering from melancholia, convince them to take medical help. Do not try self treatments. There are so many renowned psychiatrists out in the market. Do not hesitate, and ask help from them.

Guide to Improve Your Mental Health

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No matter how many times you say that look does not matter. We really care about how we are looking and we do our best to maintain the good physic and good looks. But we often forget that being physically healthy is not enough, you must be a mentally fit person too. A large number of people are suffering from various mental ailments these day. Stress, Depression, Anxiety are the common problems found in people. So focus on your mental health more and make sure that you are mentally fit enough. Here are some basic tips for you.

Healthy life style

Whatever you are eating and however you are exercising that impacts your mental health directly. Try to avoid junk foods and fast foods. Eat fresh and healthy foods only. Never skip your meals and don’t stay for long with an empty stomach. Stay away from alcohol and other intoxicating products. Exercising should be a part of your daily life. At least try to do jogging, walking and free hand exercises as that will keep your mind fresh and improve mental health and most importantly get enough sleep. You might find it unnecessary but your body needs at least 7-8 hours of sleep everyday. So maintain a proper sleep cycle for it.

Control your thoughts

Avoid negative thinking. It is very natural to get negative thoughts and all of us face it. What you are thinking can directly impacts your mental health. Stop worrying about everything. Discuss your problems and share your fear, worries with your close ones. That will make you feel relieved. You have to control your thoughts on your own. The moment you feel like you are getting negative thoughts, make yourself busy with other works and involve yourself in positive thoughts. Don’t be a pessimist. Reach out for people. The more you communicate, the more chance you get to express your thoughts.

Get time for yourself

Most importantly, you need to take a break and should do something you are good at or you wanted to do it for so long. Sometimes the monotony of our daily life lead to bad mental health and we get negative thoughts, depression, melancholia etc. So get some time for you. Pamper yourself and love yourself the most. These will lead you to get a good mental health and don’t hesitate to ask for help to the medical experts and psychriatists.

Why Women are More Tend to Have Dementia?

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Dementia not only implies the Alzheimer’s disease or not the problem of having fading memory due to the old age. The term dementia indicates a set of symptoms. Dementia can be different in type and so their symptoms. Some face memory loss, confusion, some have abnormal mood swings and other physical ailments. The cause of dementia varies from person to person. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. People who suffer from this disease are mostly above the age of 65. It has been observed in a study that women are more likely to suffer from dementia. Strange but true. Here are the list of possible reasons why women ave more chances of getting dementia in comparison to men :

Longevity

Women live longer than men usually and age is the greatest risk factor for getting disease like dementia. People often face memory loss problem with their increasing age and as women live more, so it is very common for them to have a fading memory and other physical and mental ailments.

Genetics

Dementia can be a genetic problem. If your any of your family members have of had dementia, you are potent to have this disease and it has been found in research women are more tend to be the carrier of that gene. The gene called ApoE-4 increases the risk of Alzheimer’s. Women who carry a copy of that gene variant are twice as likely to eventually develop Alzheimer’s as women without this gene and men who have this gene are only at a slightly increased rate than men who don’t have that gene and Alzheimer’s disease play a big role behind getting dementia.

Condition of the heart

Another possible reason is the condition of the heart why women are more likely to have dementia. The average life span of men are lesser than the average life span of women. Men who live more than 65 years are found with a really good condition of their heart and that’s they don’t suffer from dementia..Dementia and heart disease share a lot of common symptoms.

Dementia has various symptoms like problem in communicating to others, problem to remember your words, agitation, depression, anxiety and trouble understanding information. If you are noticing any of the aforementioned symptoms don’t hesitate to to consult with a psychriatist.there are various way of treatment including medicines and therapies available in the market and that will surely help you.

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Tips to quit drug addiction

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The drug menace is an upsurging issue in India. According to a recent survey, there are more than 3million drug addicts in India. People often take drug just to have a moment of euphoria or just to feel high for a certain time span. To escape the reality of life, or out of depression or just out of curiosity people become dependable on drugs without knowing the consequences. The young generation is the easiest target for drug dealers. While experimenting with all the latest intoxicating products, youngsters become the victim and if anyone gets addicted to drugs at a very tender age, then it is really dangerous and even can be life-threatening. Starting from cannabis, opium, weed, cocaine, hashish to heroin there are in numerous drugs are available in the market. But drug addiction is also curable if treated properly. There are some basic tips to follow.

Admit your problem

Before anyone else, you have to confess yourself about your dependence on drugs. Sometimes the situations get out of control, and people even don’t want to admit the fact that they are addicted to drugs. But, once you surrender to yourself, then you’ll find it easier to tell others and in this way, you’ll find your way to light.

Be determined

You have to be headstrong if you want to quit an addiction. Once you have thought about quitting drugs, then you can’t turn around. Promise yourself that you will keep your words and try to indulge yourself with the things that you like. Spend more time with your closed ones, have a hobby, do anything that provides solace to yourself. Identify the root causes of your inclination toward drugs and try to work on this. Voice your problems to others and ask for help.

Speak out to the close ones

Try to inform your friends, relatives of your situation. Drug addiction is nothing to be ashamed of. People come in such situation due to certain circumstances. Your closed ones can actually help you out because their presence can make you relieved. Tell them about your problems, fears, weaknesses and why you rely on the drugs. Make yourself busy and spend more time with them. That will divert your mind from negative thoughts.

Make a plan

While quitting drugs, you might find it quite difficult at the first attempt, but you have to stick on to your thought of quitting. Make a plan and set your goal that within the next few months you’ll lead a drug-free life. Fix the day of quitting and mark it on the calendar. Throw all the intoxicating stuff away from your home and keep thinking about the positive effects of quitting drugs. Have patience and you’ll eventually overcome it.

Medical treatment

The intoxicating products damage the brain first. Then consequently they keep damaging other parts of our body. The numb brain becomes unable to make difference between right and wrong and people eventually become abusive. If the drugs got you so whipped and you are finding it difficult to quit, go for the medical treatment. Various expert psychologists are out there. Stop hesitating. Ask for help and commit to the treatment regime. Go through the proper detoxification process, have behavioral counseling and keep following up if needed.

With the increasing problem of drug addiction, the rehab centers are mushrooming. But be careful while selecting a treatment center. Consult with the well-experienced doctors and check the success rates. For more information follow bestpsychriatistsindelhi.com

 

Old Age Depression – Reasons and Cure

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Although India is referred to as a ‘young’ country with a population strength of 1.2 billion, out of which 65% are below the age of 35, the older generation stares at the helplessness in terms of health-care facilities. Older people are often ignored, neglected, and misbehaved. Statistics show that 60% of the older family members are poorly treated. They are deprived of their natural rights. All this mental trauma leads to Old Age Depression. For years, this wasn’t even a topic of discussion but with time we have come to terms that older people go through a lot of hardships that can lead to a traumatized or depressed life.

In 2030, India is going to outnumber China in terms of population and this massive growth of population will only lead India into becoming an old and unprepared country in the coming hundred years. With a fair share of older generation, the government needs to cater to issues like mental health and their social well-being. In this lieu, the Government of Assam has ordered that the State Government Employees take better care of their aging parents as the strict action will be taken in-case of negligence. It is a welcoming decision by the government officials but somewhere it shows our shallow moral inclinations, where a third party has to intervene and guide our behavior towards our own parents. Having said all of that, there is still time we take note of the situation and give them the love and respect they deserve.

Depression is not a disease

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Depression is nothing but a state of mind. It is a health related issue that may require medication. Consulting a psychiatrist at the initial stage should be considered. Depression can be followed by other medical conditions and is likely to affect old age people more as they have a restricted social life. However, depression is not a normal part of aging. Many think otherwise. It is a myth that old people ought to feel sad.

The generation gap

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Let not the generation gap fool you. There are various ways of connecting to older age people. We can indulge them in our daily chores, especially the ones that don’t require much physical labor. We should take them to social gatherings, read them stories and also acquaint them with the technological changes occurring. It is fascinating to be able to bring the older generation on the same page as to ours. We should allow them to participate in discussions over politics and cinema. They have a view to be shared and a thought-provoking take on serious issues. Even if we don’t abide by what they say, we shouldn’t disregard it altogether.

The loss of spouse

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Losing someone close to you like your life partner in your old age makes one not just sad but depressed. They lose the zeal to live and to be happy as they have no one to discuss their feelings with. Today’s generation is way too busy with their work. Half of the problem can be solved only by talking to elderly people. They want to be heard and listened to. In their age and time, folks used to gather in groupings and discuss a lot of stuff but today’s scenario is actually disheartening. People do not have time for other people. Everybody has become self-centered. In this competitive environment, the younger generation has failed to show the love and affection that guides the human entity. We have deprived ourselves of the care and concern we could be getting by having a healthy bond with our elderly parents. We cannot fill the spaces of our near and dear ones but the harm can always be lessened by:

  • Taking them for regular walks in the evening
  • Assisting them in their work
  • Engaging them in other activities.
  • Arrange social gatherings.
  • Read them books.

Psychiatric consultation

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One should never shy away from consulting a doctor. Older people are more reluctant to talk about it as they feel it is a normal phenomenon, but it is not. Depression can lead to suicidal instincts. It should be regarded as a mental health problem and a psychiatrist should be consulted in prior time. Depression in the early stage requires opening up and some general sessions on it. At critical stages, it may require medicine dozes and proper treatment. Older people tend to shy away from topics like ‘depression’, saying that they can handle it on their own. But it should neither be ignored to be thought as grave or life threatening disease.

It is really sad that a majority of people stay ignorant of health issues like depression, especially with older people. It is deemed natural which is very inhuman to consider. We should be aware of mental health issues like depression and be sensitive towards it. There are little signs that can help us identify depression in older people. They are:

  • sleep disorder
  • sad state of being
  • diet disorder
  • feel unworthy
  • have negative feelings
  • feel lonely
  • weight issues
  • feel inactive
  • disengagement in social activities.

We need to be keen towards all these symptoms and especially when it is found in old age people as they don’t communicate or fail to express their feelings. A healthy country is characterized by healthy citizens. And in this robotic era, mental fitness is the key to healthy living.

How to Spot Depression in Children

ggA very common disease which has affected more than fifty percent of world’s population today is depression. And, the saddest truth about depression is that children are also amongst the sufferers of depression.  When we feel sad and down sometimes maybe things don’t go our way, we get hurt, or we lose someone close to us and children are no different. But having depression is more than just being sad. Depression affects the way we think, and how we see ourselves and our future. Along with feeling sad or irritable, it may seem that nothing is worthwhile and that things will never get better.

Depression is a serious issue and when it is in children, it really needs to be handled very well. Depression can stop kids enjoying the things they normally like doing, or taking part in their usual activities. The worst part is that, children facing the problem of depression actually are not aware under which problem they are. Being parents or guardians, it is important to keep a close eye on their activities and spot the disease.

Common Signs of Depression in Children

It is actually very difficult for children to tell and explain that they are feeling or suffering from depression. They can be unexpressive sometimes and especially when it is depression. However, there are a few key signs and symptoms to look out for particularly if they happen together over several weeks and are out of character for your child. We are mentioning below the common signs and symptoms of depression amongst children that will help you out in spotting the disease so that, the timely treatment and counseling should be given.

  • They have low energy and are difficult to motivate. If they are showing such sign that it can be an alarm of depression.
  • They lose interest easily in an activity they usually enjoy. As a result of that, they prefer to keep them in solitude with a cut from friends and family.
  • They have difficulty listening and concentrating on tasks. This is a very major sign of depression and something that you should take on a serious note.
  • They make negative comments about themselves. If you spot your kid making negative comments about them on any issue then it should be treated at that time only.
  • The withdrawal from social situations, not want to spend time with friends, is also a sign that everything in their mind is not well. They need your support at this point of time and you should handle the things very well.
  • They look for what’s wrong rather than see the positives in situations. Their mind is completely filled with negative things even on positive points, they go low and depressed.
  • It is very difficult to please them because they create their own shell and it becomes tough for them to come out of that.
  • They can be irritable, agitated, easily annoyed or upset and sometimes that too without any reason. In everything they can show this kind of behavior hence it is something that has to be dealt very sensitively.
  • They can seem sad and cry easily and be difficult to soothe them. At this point, it is really very difficult for them to control their emotions.
  • They either have no interest in food or overeat. The eating disorder is also a sign that child is suffering from depression problem.
  • They have problems going to sleep or staying asleep, waking early, or sleeping a lot.

As the symptoms of depression are often characterized by negative behavior such as irritability or whining, it’s easy to feel annoyed and to blame or punish the child for their behavior. This can result in other signs of depression being missed. If you find that your child is facing any such kind of things, then it is very important to get a consultation from doctor. Dr. Shashi Bhushan is a reputed child psychiatrist in Delhi. You can also take his appointment online and get the best and timely treatment by Dr. Bhushan.

6 Ways to Actively Fight Depression

rrDepression is not a diseases but it is a thought from within, a shell that a person creates by himself and don’t want to come out of the same. When you’re depressed, it often feels like nothing in the world can make you feel better. It is a very serious disorder, because the symptoms it creates can discourage you from completing the very actions or seeking the help that would begin your recovery. Lack of energy, low self-esteem and dwindling excitement are some of the symptoms that make it hard to get out of a depressed state. Anyone who is suffering from the disease should understand this better that it is curable and is very common. By treating it like any other physical disease and taking the actions that will destroy the parasites infecting your mental state; you can conquer your depression. Here are eight steps to doing just that.

1) Recognizing the Disease

Depression is often accompanied by a critical, self-destructive mentality that interferes with and distracts us from our daily lives. When depressed, people tend to accept this negative identity as a true representation of who they are. To begin this process, it is helpful to think of these destructive thoughts as being like the parasites that keep you in bed when you’re sick with the flu. Don’t listen to these attacks when they tell you not to pursue your goals, to isolate yourself, or to forego an activity you enjoy.

This gives the voice even more power over you. Instead, when you notice these thoughts and attitudes starting to intensify and take precedence over your more realistic, positive ways of thinking, it is essential to identify them as an alien point of view. Ask yourself, would you think such cruel thoughts about a friend or family member who was experiencing the same struggles. By having compassion for yourself and recognizing this inner voice as a destructive enemy, you can begin to see who you are more clearly and realistically.

2) Self-Control and Self-Realization is Must

While some experience depression as a continual state of sadness or increased painful emotions, some depression can come in the form of a state of numbness a lack of feeling that weakens all excitement and smothers your potential to feel joy. Suppressing or cutting off emotions could be a defense against something you aren’t comfortable feeling.

Many people who suffer from depression are actually masking a feeling of anger turning their rage toward someone else on themselves. Anger can be a hard feeling to accept, as from a very young age we are often told it is bad to be angry, that we need to behave, and not to throw tantrums or get in fights. While acting abusive is never acceptable, feeling anger is a natural part of our everyday lives. By acknowledging and accepting or discussing your angry feelings, you are much less likely to turn these feelings against yourself or allow them to lead you into a depressed state.

3) Be Active

When you’re depressed your energy levels can drop drastically, but the last thing you want to do when feeling down is to keep yourself from getting up. It’s a physiological fact that activity fights depression. Get your heart rate up 20 minutes a day, five days a week, and it has been scientifically proven that you will feel better emotionally. Exercising increases the neuro-plasticity of your brain and releases neurochemicals called endorphins, which help to elevate your mood.

4) Don’t Isolate Yourself

When depressed, you may hear thoughts telling you to be alone, keep quiet and not to bother people with your problems. Again, these thoughts should be treated like parasites that try to keep your body from getting healthy. Do not listen to them. When you feel bad, even if you feel embarrassed, confiding in a friend or voicing your struggles can lighten your burden and begin a process of ending your unhappiness.

5) Do Things You Like

Depression is one of the hardest emotional states to endure, because the symptoms themselves can destroy your will and energy to engage in activities you once loved. Giving in to this lethargic state can give your depression even more power, whereas staying active in your life, pursuing anything and everything you may find of interest will re-ignite your spark and keep you on your own side.

6) Watch a Funny TV Show or Movie

It may seem silly or all too simple, but anything that makes you laugh or smile can actually help convince your brain you are happy. If you look at depression as your critical inner voice having tricked you into feeling bad, then you can have your own tricks ready to fight depression. Playing your favorite game is also a way to fight with the disease.

These are the 6 better ways that can help you to fight with depression. Your consultation with a good psychiatrist and a timely advice can make the difference. It is always required that you should not take the disease lightly and should go for the best treatment possible at the best time.

Everything You Should Know About Panic Disorder

If there is a surge of overwhelming anxiety then might me you are suffering from panic disorder or panic attack. Your heart pounds, you can’t breathe, and you may even feel like you’re dying or going crazy. If the symptoms and the disease are left untreated then panic attacks can lead to panic disorder and other problems. They may even cause you to withdraw from normal activities. But panic attacks can be cured and the sooner you seek help, the better. With the right treatment and self-help, you can reduce or eliminate the symptoms of panic, regain your confidence, and take back control of your life

What is Panic Attack

A panic attack is an intense wave of fear well-spotted by its unexpectedness and debilitating, immobilizing intensity. Panic attacks often strike out of the blue, without any warning, and sometimes with no clear trigger. They may even occur when you’re relaxed or asleep. It can be a one-time occurrence but this can also not be denied that many people have the repeated attacks of panic disorder. Recurrent panic attacks are often triggered by a specific situation, such as crossing a bridge or speaking in public especially if that situation has caused a panic attack before. Usually, the panic-inducing situation is one in which you feel endangered and unable to escape, triggering the body’s fight-or-flight response.

You may experience one or more panic attacks, yet be otherwise perfectly happy and healthy. Or your panic attacks may occur as part of another disorder, such as panic disorder, social phobia, or depression. Regardless of the cause, panic attacks are treatable. There are strategies you can use to cope with the symptoms as well as effective treatments.

Signs and Symptoms of Panic Attack

The signs and symptoms of a panic attack develop abruptly and take not more than 10 minutes to reach to the peak. They rarely last more than an hour, with most ending within 20 to 30 minutes. The attack can happen anywhere and at any time. You may have one while you’re in a store shopping, walking down the street, driving in your car, or even sitting on the couch at home.

Symptoms of Panic Attack

  • Shortness of breath or hyperventilation
  • Heart palpitations or racing heart
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Choking feeling
  • Feeling unreal or detached from your surroundings
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or upset stomach
  • Feeling dizzy, light-headed, or faint
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Hot or cold flashes
  • Fear of dying, losing control, or going crazy

While many people experience just one or two panic attacks without further episodes or complications and there’s little reason to worry if that’s you some people go on to develop panic disorder. The repeated panic attack is considered as panic disorder, combined with major changes in behavior or persistent anxiety over having further attacks.

Signs of Panic Disorder

  • Experience frequent, unexpected panic attacks that aren’t tied to a specific situation
  • Worry a lot about having another panic attack
  • Are behaving differently because of the panic attacks, such as avoiding places where you’ve previously panicked

While a single panic attack may only last a few minutes, the effects of the experience can leave a lasting imprint. If you have panic disorder, the recurrent panic attacks take an emotional toll. The memory of the intense fear and terror that you felt during the attacks can negatively impact your self-confidence and cause serious disruption to your everyday life. Eventually, this leads to the following panic disorder symptoms:

Anticipatory Anxiety: Instead of feeling relaxed and like your normal self in between panic attacks, you feel anxious and tense. This anxiety stems from a fear of having future panic attacks. This “fear of fear” is present most of the time, and can be extremely disabling.

Phobic Avoidance:  You begin to avoid certain situations or environments. This avoidance may be based on the belief that the situation you’re avoiding caused a previous panic attack. Or you may avoid places where escape would be difficult or help would be unavailable if you had a panic attack. Taken to its extreme, phobic avoidance becomes agoraphobia.

A timely treatment is the only way out to fight with the disease in a better way. You should consult a good and trusted doctor for panic disorder treatment. The better way is to search for the best psychiatrist in Delhi online and you would come across with the trusted options and choices.

Everything You Should Know About Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar-Affective-DisorderMental diseases are dangerous because they cannot be seen in the outer body. A great observance can only help a person in finding out what is wrong with the mental health. In this article, today we are highlighting the disease bipolar affective disorder. We are telling you each and everything about the disease that you should know and understand. This would help you to get to know the disease better and hence you can fight with it in a better manner too.

Also referred to as manic depression, is a kind of mental condition where a person suffers from extreme shifts in mood. Here patients may spend weeks feeling like they are on top of the world and after some time they may feel depressed from everything around them. The duration of shifts in mood differs from person to person.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

It is a psychiatric diagnosis for a mood disorder in which people experience disruptive mood swings. Though there are many other definitions of the disease but mood swing is generally termed to be the best way to describe the same.

How Many People Suffer From Bipolar Disorder?

About 1 in every 100 adults has bipolar disorder at some point in their life. Both men and women are equally affected by this kind of mental problem. Teenage is the time when the disease develops; the symptoms can be noticed amongst people between 15 and 30 years old.

Important Causes of Bipolar Disorder

As per the many researches which have been conducted on the disease so far, there are many reasons that have been emerged for the disease cause. But there are certain factors such as genetics, hormone and brain chemical imbalances and stressful life that can cause this kind of mental problem.

  • Genetics: According to some studies, it has been found that at time bipolar disorder can be due to genetic contribution also. People having someone in the family with bipolar disorder have a higher chance of having this problem in future. Till now the genes that cause this problem has not been identified.
  • Stress: Too much stress in life can also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Stress can lead to drastic or sudden changes in mood which can trigger this kind of problem.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Whenever there are hormonal imbalances in the body, the chances of having the problem of bipolar disorder becomes higher.
  • Changes in the Brain: Physical changes that take place inside the brain can also lead to this kind of mental problem. Especially, neurotransmitter imbalance can cause bipolar disorder. Neurotransmitter facilitates the communication between brain cells.
  • Traumatic Event: Some kind of traumatic event may also be the reason behind bipolar disorder. Traumatic events can range from death of a loved one, changing location, losing a job to anything that can cause stress.

Other than these reasons, sleep deprivation, abnormal thyroid function and circadian rhythm disturbances can also cause bipolar disorder. At the same certain medications, most notably antidepressant drugs can also be the reason behind this kind of mental problem.

What are the Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder can be of different types. It can be broadly categorized into three types –Bipolar Type I disorder, Bipolar Type II disorder and Cyclothymia.

Bipolar I Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar I Disorder where there is at least one manic episode or mixed episodes. The episodes can be with or without depression. However, most patients have had at least one depressive episode.

Bipolar II Disorder

A person is suffering from Bipolar II Disorder where there are one or more episodes of severe depression and at least one hypo manic episode. A hypo manic state is less severe than a manic one.

Cyclothymia

Also known as Cyclothymia disorder, this is a milder form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. Here a patient suffers from numerous mood disturbances, with bouts of hypo manic symptoms which may involve periods of moderate or mild depression.

In order to diagnose the type of bipolar disorder, a doctor needs to keep track on how quickly a patient moves from manic episodes to depression and back again, as well as how severe the symptoms are.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

The problem of bipolar disorder can cause drastic mood swings. A person can have both extreme high feelings and low feelings. In between, a person also has periods of normal moods. These highs and lows periods are known as episodes of mania and depression. So, people with bipolar disorder show signs of depression and mania.

Important signs that Signifies Bipolar Affective Disorder

  • Feeling of despair, hopelessness, or empty
  • Extreme sadness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • No interest in earlier activities
  • Loss of energy, fatigue and tiredness
  • Difficulty in concentrating, remembering and making decisions
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Irritation
  • Inability to experience pleasure

Knowing a disease can only help a person to get over it. The above information provided for bipolar affective disorder would surely help you in understanding the disease better. If you are looking for the best doctor for bipolar affective disorder treatment in Delhi then you can contact Dr. Shashi Bhushan. He is a relied psychiatrist in Delhi with a good qualification, knowledge and experience in the field.